The article that follows was written by Claire Bigg and it has been taken from Radio Free Europe – Radio Liberty. The fraud tactics are identical both in Russia and Ukraine, so that’s what later this year may be expected during the Ukrainian parliamentary elections. I may only add that elections aren’t limited to one day only: they begin long before the voters go to the polling stations and include the creation of equal opportunities for oppositional and governmental parties, transparency about the current status of the ruling party and of oppositional leaders, fulfilment of pre-election promises given to the public before the latest elections, etc


Ballot Stuffing And Vote-Count Fraud

This is the most traditional example of electoral fraud, which consists of “stuffing” multiple ballots into the ballot box. This can be done by individual voters or by polling station officials who “pad” the ballot box either before or after the vote.

Russian polling station officials also have a long history of fudging the numbers on election protocols after election monitors leave the station at the end of the day. Monitors from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) said the vote count in the March 4 election was faulty in almost one-third of polling stations observed.

“Carousels” And Absentee Votes

In so-called “carousel” voting, people cast multiple ballots at different polling stations. Fleets of buses packed with suspected “carousel” voters were seen in Moscow on March 4. Activists from the pro-Kremlin group Nashi, among others, appeared to have been bused en masse from different cities to Moscow polling stations. The busing was so intense (the scale of “carousel” voting was “absolutely unprecedented,” according to Russian anticorruption blogger and opposition activist Aleksei Navalny) that the head of the Moscow Election Committee felt obliged to issue a clarification saying the Nashi activists were merely giving voters rides to polling stations.

This year, the “carousel” used a new technology — people used absentee certificates to obtain ballots at polling stations while hanging on to their absentee documents, enabling them to vote again at other locations. It is virtually impossible for monitors to prove such voters cast ballots several times.

The Central Electoral Commission ran out of absentee certificates (there were more than 2 million) before voting even began.

Fake Monitors

Another innovation tested out on March 4: Fake election observers were deployed at polling stations, preventing real volunteer monitors from observing the voting (polling stations have quotas for observers). Such frauds were reported in large numbers in St. Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod.

“Additional Lists,” Or Corporate Voting

Under electoral law, people employed in companies that operate around the clock can cast their ballots at polling stations closest to their workplace. On March 4, such companies — who were required to submit “additional lists” of prospective voters several days before the election — ended up massively busing their employees to polling stations. This tactic enables employers to put electoral pressure on their staff and, in some instances, “carousel” them to several polling stations.

Some opposition monitors claim that 20 percent of ballots — or almost 14 million voter — were cast by voters on “additional lists” in this election.

Interestingly, a number of companies and institutions, including universities and hotels, declared March 4 a working day in order to enroll their staff on “additional lists.”

Vote Theft

A relatively new scheme that appears to have been used heavily in this election. Voters turn up at a polling station to find out that someone else has already voted for them. In one instance reported by the Russian media, a victim of such fraud in Moscow received a threatening call on her mobile phone minutes after alerting polling station officials of the irregularity.

Webcam Scams

In a bid to quell the wave of protests sparked by the fraud-marred parliamentary elections in December, Vladimir Putin had web cameras installed in more than 90,000 polling stations to ensure transparency. But the stunt failed to impress monitors as most of the cameras offered only fuzzy images of the ballot boxes.

In the city of Magadan, Internet users even claimed they were receiving “live” footage of sunlit polling stations although night had already fallen in the city.

Written by Claire Bigg



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