Archive for March, 2013

GOOGLE AND RUSSIAN CHAUVINISM

March 30, 2013

I couldn’t believe what I had read at http://comments.ua/life/395524-perevodchik-google-zamenyaet-ukrainu.html : the online google translation service in its Ukrainian-to-Russian mode gives the meaning of the adjective «загальноукраїнський» (“all-Ukrainian”) as «общероссийский» (“all-Russian”) – see the enlarged picture by clicking on it.

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I decided to test the service.

My original: Загальноукраїнські заходи до дня народження Тараса Шевченка, які проводяться в Києві у березні…

English Google translation: wide public events before the birth of Taras Shevchenko, held in Kiev in March …

French Google translation: L’échelle des événements publics avant la naissance de Taras Shevchenko, qui s’est tenue à Kiev en Mars …

Both English and French “translate-to” parts try to avoid the word they don’t know by using either “…wide” (when translated into English) or “l’échelle” (when translated into French). However, the Russian Google knows better 🙂 : The Russian variant is: Общероссийские мероприятия ко дню рождения Тараса Шевченко, которые проводятся в Киеве в марте (= the all-Russian anniversary events which are held in Kyiv in March…)

It should be admitted that when the word «загальноукраїнський» is used in isolation, Goggle translates it correctly: “all-Ukrainian”. However, when the word comes in a context, the translation service becomes “chauvinistic.”

One could attribute the mistake to the “stupidity” of the machine. As for me, it brings to mind a line from a Russian song: “Не сама машина ходит – машинист машину водит.”(“…the machine isn’t moving on its own, there’s a machine operator who is running it”)… Incidentally, the line has turned into a proverb explaining many “inexplicable” things on the territory of the ex-USSR.

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MORE OF BUSINESS

March 27, 2013

2013-03-27business-bWhen I was on my way to work this morning, a middle-aged man stopped me with a question, “Excuse me, do you know if there is any trolleybus service on this route. So far I haven’t seen any trolleybuses.” I explained to the man that trolleybuses might be too “intelligent” for this kind of frozen bumpy roads, which is why after the snowfall two days ago the trolleybuses were taken out of service and replaced by buses. The man nodded his head understandingly. And then he said, “It may be off topic, but… don’t you need a pair of trousers to be made for yourself? I’m a tailor.” – “No, no”, I said, starting to walk again. “I don’t need any.” – “Or, maybe you have some Soviet-manufactured cloth at home?” His voice sounded hopeful behind my back. “Sorry, we haven’t got any”, I smiled to myself.

I remembered a joke about Zygmunt Lewoniewski, the famous Russian pilot of the 1930s, the contemporary of Charles Lindbergh, Valeriy Chkalov, Jimmie Mattern and other no less known aviators. After Lewoniewski  had disappeared in the snows of the Arctic in 1937, all telegrammes related to his rescue were sent in the Soviet Union free of charge. Thus, a telegramme was sent from Kyiv to Vladivostok: „Look for Lewoniewski. In case you don’t find him, buy a hundred meters of cotton cloth.”

BUSINESS AS USUAL

March 26, 2013

2013-03-26center of Kyiv1I have always marveled at people’s ability to find niches for their business. The heavy snowfall in Kyiv gave rise to entrepreneurial spirit. This morning I received quite a few emails with offers to find my car in the snow and to dig it out. That is supposed to cost me about 7 USD. Clearing the area in front of my entrance door runs up to 350 hryvnias ($44). Some guys who own tractors commit themselves to clearing a stretch of the road for 400 hryvnias, and should I want the snow to be transported away by a truck, I will have to come down with 600 hryvnias ($75).

Yard-keepers whose job is to clear the snow, are now giving out shovels to people for temporary use (30-40 hryvnias per hour)

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Several years ago, with the first wave of the financial crisis, there appeared collection agencies which had been unknown in Ukraine before that time, and whose work, naturally, wasn’t regulated by any laws. The collectors hammered money out of debtors by calling them at any time of the day (often at midnight), by threatening them, etc. Soon after, there mushroomed anti-collectors firms which pledged they would protect you from the collectors… I suspect that the anti-collectors and collectors were the same companies and both kinds of services were delivered by the same staff 🙂

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THE OTHER SIDE OF THE STREET

March 23, 2013

2013-03-23Helping across the street2Facebook exploded with 4,446 shares and 4,009 likes within 11 hours after a user Svyatoslav Roman posted this picture. Svyatoslav had been driving his car following a Chevrolet along a busy street of Lviv. On the sidewalk some way ahead he noticed a stooping old lady who was trying to cross the street. The woman looked poor and weak. She made a step forward and then she backed again on to the sidewalk – the traffic was too heavy.  It looked like she could wait like that for some longer time. However, the Chevrolet in front slowed down and stopped turning the hazard lights on. A young woman stepped out from the passenger’s seat next to the driver, came to the old lady and carefully helped her across the street waving for the oncoming traffic to stop. Some restive drivers on the road who first had begun to honk, were now patiently waiting. The traffic was resumed after the woman returned to her car and the Chevrolet had started again.

I was also moved by the story. However, presuming that it could be only one of similar stories, I surfed the Internet to find a related event in Krasnoyarsk (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=60dliH7FjcI ).  In another situation, a journalist from Kamchatka, having dressed as an old woman, proved that kindness and helpfulness she experienced in her new status on the part of other people are still prevalent values (see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9jQM_WPf2w) . For all that, at the address http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5hH8bq2ExQ human compassion was made an object of derision when young  individuals tried to play what they thought was a practical joke on people. Cases as the last one  might make you somewhat cynical, and you may later think twice before giving someone help. However, true kindness and true sympathy will always stop your car and you will always help a person who needs your attention and reassurance to get to the other side of the street.  And you will pay no heed to impatient honks, or to how naïve you may look when a practical joke is played on you.

After my click the post from Lviv received the 4,010th like.

WINTERING THROUGH SPRING

March 23, 2013

2013-03-23YamasPits or holes in a road surface produced by wear or weathering are called potholes, or chuckholes. In Ukrainian a pothole is known as “yama.” The phenomenon is so common for this country that the word has been borrowed by the English-speaking expats living in Kyiv, and they use it along with other Ukrainian exotic vocabulary, like “remont“ (renovation),” rynok” (outdoor market), “marshrutka” (shuttle bus), etc. Of late the government has launched a country-wide project of filling in the potholes, which in “bureaucratic speak” sounds “likvidatsiya yamkovosti” (an approximate translation: eradication of “yamancy”).

This morning the project has been completed by a heavy snowfall: all the “yamas” have been filled in.  The street outside is unusually still. I browsed the Internet for the latest news and picked up some photo jokes to re-post in this blog.

DANGER! SPRING IS GOING ON!

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WITH THE THREE MONTHS OF WINTER YOU HAVE THE FOURTH AS A GIFT

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SPRING: EXPECTATIONS AND REALITY

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WE HAVE LIVED THROUGH THE WINTER, WE’LL WINTER THROUGH THE SPRING

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GLOBALIZATION AS I SEE IT

March 3, 2013

DSC02621I’m drinking Indian tea contained in a Yorkshire tea-bag which I placed in a Georgian cup. I added Ukrainian milk to the tea , put a grain of Swiss-made Stevia  to make it sweeter and started stirring the tea with a Belgian BergHOFF teaspoon while working on the HP (American) laptop manufactured in China.

A HORSE AT WATER

March 3, 2013

2013-03-03horse-in-the waterThe British educationalist Sugata Mitra is the winner of the 2013 TED prize. I heard his speech about the School in the Cloud at the address http://www.ted.com/talks/sugata_mitra_build_a_school_in_the_cloud.html  Mr. Mitra’s talk was persuasive, inspiring, scintillating with wit and permeated with kindness, and I said to myself that the scholar probably deserves all the titles and degrees he possesses: the Professor of Educational Technology at the School of Communication and Language Sciences at Newcastle University, Chief Scientist, Emeritus at the global talent development company NIIT, a PhD in Solid State Physics from the Indian Institutes of Technologies. He makes research in the flow of electricity through biological systems, in human mind (neural networks that can decipher the mechanisms of Alzheimer’s disease). He is also credited with dozens of inventions in cognitive science and education technology.

The TED prize was won by Sugata Mitra for the Hole-in-the-Wall experiment. Public computers were built into walls in slum districts of Delhi and in rural areas of India and Cambodia, and children were allowed to use them freely. Even without their knowing English and without any formal training the children were taught by the computer. Being a proponent of Minimally Invasive Education Sugata Mitra insists that children can also learn by teaching one another. The maximum they may need are “grannies on the Internet” who may periodically counsel the kids.

However, Sugata Mitra’s ideas about de-institutionalizing education seem to be too far-fetched. Firstly, education doesn’t boil down to acquiring knowledge and skills. Bringing up moral and ethical values in children goes along with teaching the three “Rs”. In this connection the teacher’s personality shouldn’t  be underestimated. Secondly, learning cannot be based on enthusiasm and interest alone. Learning is hard work and it requires effort, which (considering the propensity of humankind to laziness) can make even the most interesting work monotonous and boring. Thirdly, it wouldn’t be wise to let kids find their ways through the informational maze in the “learn-as-you-go” mode – even with a supervising “granny” behind their backs (six thousand miles away, to be exact). Next to the learner there should be a professional, a supportive friend who knows what intellectual food can be offered to a student day in and day out, and who knows how to push the learner up – gently, lovingly but firmly.

Discovery learning, hands-on, collaborative, project-based, task-based and similar approaches that base modern Minimally Invasive Education may be effective, of course – but not when they are applied globally. As an educationalist, I think I can teach a child better English and in a shorter time than his/her peer. Between a teacher and a learner there should always be a “difference in the potentials” that will create the flow of educational charge. And then. I would hardly agree to be operated on by a surgeon who was trained basically through the Hole-in-the Wall or received their degree through distant learning.

My former colleague once paraphrased the English proverb by saying that we, teachers, should not only lead a horse (= students) to water, but should also make it drink. As it looks, despite its radicalism, the colleague’s thought merits attention.

THE FLOOR OF THE DAY

March 1, 2013

2013-03-01memsource_cloudAt my place of work I communicate mostly in English, though all my colleagues are Ukrainians. On the one hand, it keeps me professionally fit, on the other, this approach helps those of my good friends who are keen to improve their English skills. There are a few beginners. Some of them are doing surprisingly well as regards their written aspect, though, commonly, learners of English speak better than they write.

This morning I received an email from one such learner. In his message he was explaining that he was busy at one of the outlets and would be away  from the office … “the floor of the day.” That boggled the mind! I must admit I’m used to eccentric phrases through which students like to flabbergast their teachers, but with the “floor of the day” the guy seemed to be “too clever by half.”

And then I understood! My colleague was using a machine-translation service. While entering the Russian word “полдня “ (“half of the day”), he had misspelled it and entered the word as two separate words “пол дня “ The Russian word “пол“ – shortening of “половина“ (“a half”) has a homonym “пол” that means “a floor”. That “floor” was used by my colleague.

I decided to check my guess on the translator which I use. It looked like my MTS was better! The translated version given in English was “half of the day” (even though I had purposefully split the “полдня “). However, as a parallel version the machine also suggested… “sex of the day “ bringing back another Russian homonym 🙂


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