STUMBLING BLOCKS AS STEPPING STONES-4

as though

ALTHOUGH and THOUGH

Very often, both of these words can be used in the same way <They’re a nice family, (al)though I don’t like young Sandra very much>

There are a couple of differences:

  1. THOUGH is more common in informal speech or writing. ALTHOUGH can be used in all styles. Compare: <Although the murder of the Archduke was the immediate cause of the First World War, the real reasons for the conflict were very much complicated>, <I’d quite like to go out, (al)though it is a bit late>
  2. THOUGH is often used with EVEN to give emphasis <Even though I didn’t understand a word, I kept smiling> WRONG: *<Even although…..>
  3. THOUGH (but not ALTHOUGH) can be put at the end of a sentence, with the meaning of “however” <It was a quiet party. I had a good time, though>

In longer sentences, THOUGH can also come in other positions: <The strongest argument, though, is Britain’s economic and political dependence on the United States>

In cases like these, THOUGH is an adverb. ALTHOUGH can only be used as a conjunction.

In a formal style, AS can be used (with a special word-order) to mean ALTHOUGH. THOUGH is also possible. The following construction suggests a very emphatic contrast <Cold as it was, we went out. (= although it was very cold, we went out.)>, <Tired as I was, I went on working. (=Although I was very tired…)> <Bravely though they fought, they had no chance of winning.>

THOUGH is used in combination with AS: AS THOUGH (= as if). Past tenses with a present meaning are used after this expression to emphasize that a comparison is unreal <You look as though you’d seen a ghost>, <You look as if you know each other>, <Why is she looking at me as though she knew me?>. WAS is also possible in such sentences instead of WERE (WAS is more common in an informal style) <He looked at me as though I were/was mad>. In a very informal style (especially in American English), LIKE is often used instead of AS THOUGH/AS IF <He sat there smiling like it was his birthday>, <She started kissing me like we were on our honeymoon>

 

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